Wondering what you need to do and know in order to become an actor or actress in Bollywood? Read on for a comprehensive guide to everything from where to begin, how to train as a Bollywood actor, and how you can make a living.
- What do I need to know before beginning my acting career in Bollywood?
- How do I become a Bollywood actor?
- What tools do I need to become a Bollywood actor?
- What training do I need to become a Bollywood star?
- Do I want to pursue modeling, theatre, or television acting in Bollywood?
- What are some key terms I should know?
- Where should I consider living and why?
- How do I find roles to audition for?
- How do I make a living as an actor?
- Do I need an agent?
- How and when should I create my own work?
“Bollywood” is not the same thing as Indian cinema. India churns out close to 2,000 feature films every year in 40 different languages. Last year, about 350 Hindi films were released by the dream merchants of Mumbai (earlier Bombay, from which Bollywood derives its name), according to data from the government’s Central Board of Film Certification. The bulk of the output is attributed to films made in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and a host of other languages spoken across India.
Yet Bollywood is still regarded as the face of Indian cinema. This is mainly because Hindi is the “link language” of the country. A Hindi film commands an overarching pan-India reach no other language can match. Thus Amitabh Bachchan becomes a national icon, whereas a far more accomplished actor in say, Telugu or Kannada is less known outside his region. Today, Shahrukh Khan and Priyanka Chopra enjoy a fan following across the globe, whereas few would have even heard of a homegrown superstar like Rajkiran or Karthi outside Tamil Nadu. It’s a small wonder Bollywood has witnessed a continuous influx of talent and remains the filmmaking hub of India.
Another notable point is that Bollywood still abides by a rigid, time-tested formula that goes well beyond its extravagant sets, lavish song-and-dance sequences, and happily-ever-after endings: It lies in its deep-rooted adherence to mythology—specifically, the “Ramayana” epic. It is the classic “good versus evil” template within which the hero is necessarily an embodiment of self-righteousness and invincibility (like Lord Rama); the heroine plays the self-sacrificing and virtuous damsel in distress (like Sita); and the villain represents all things vile and wicked (like the demon king Ravana). The comedian takes on the persona of the monkey god, Hanuman and the hero’s best friend is invariably Lord Rama’s brother, Lakshman in what, more often than not, boils down to morality plays.
Things are, of course, changing. Off-beat films—socials, biographicals, gay, and feminist films—have changed the complexion of Bollywood cinema to an extent. But there’s nothing to beat The Formula, especially with mainstream family dramas, crime thrillers, romantic potboilers—even horror films. The moment the public appreciates and looks up at you as a demigod in a certain role, you become a star. On the other hand, there is the constant danger of being typecast. You are stuck with an image from your very first hit and expected to repeat yourself ad nauseum. Even middling hits have turned ordinary mortals into matinee idols. The challenge lies in sustaining the image over time. And that is what makes Bollywood such an exciting place to be in.
Do your research, work on your career timeline, polish your Hindi with a Bollywood diction coach and—as always—network, network, network!
Bollywood cinema is almost entirely star-driven. Nowhere else in the world are movie stars so idolized and allowed to grow so powerful as to control an entire industry—from filmmaking to distribution to exhibition to casting (oftentimes their own sons or daughters). Belonging to a “film family” or having a “Bollywood godfather” who is familiar with the industry may help you to get a foot in the door, but that’s just about it. The audience is the final arbiter and it does not distinguish between the kids of stars and an “outsider”.
So where do you begin?
Do your research.
Don’t be fooled by the talk that “there’s work for everyone” in Bollywood. You need to go out there, reach out, create an identity for yourself, and only then, expect to get work. So put pen to paper and do an honest self-assessment of how exactly you fit in as a Hindi film actor. List your strengths and weaknesses. What challenges do you face? What are the opportunities you can exploit? Try to be dispassionate. You may feel that you lack the looks of a hero, but with a natural sense of humor or comic timing, you could make an ace comedian like Mehmood or Johnny Lever. But then, are roles written for comedians any longer? If so, where are they being written? Stay updated. Talk to friends (especially those in the industry), watch new releases, and read up on current trends.
Consider your timeline.
There is no point stepping into Bollywood and hanging around indefinitely waiting for your big break. This is a mistake most star aspirants make. True, many are privileged enough to have supportive families, a generous “uncle-ji”—even parallel incomes from investments or rented property. But at some point, you need to cut your losses. Be realistic about the time you allow yourself to make your mark as an actor. One year, two years, five…? It all depends upon your resources. How much are you willing to invest in this career move? Once you have decided on your budget, stick to it. Remember, Mumbai is an expensive city. For an actor, things become doubly so because appearances matter: the car you drive, the neighborhood you stay in, the gym you go to, the clubs and restaurants you frequent, who you are seen with… You have to be perceived as a celebrity before you may become one.
Get your language skills where they should be.
Get your Hindi right. The language in Bollywood films is neither the colloquial khari boli spoken on the streets nor is it the chaste, bookish Hindi of academia. It is a peculiar amalgam of several Hindi dialects with a strong Urdu intonation. So wherever you hail from, get hold of a good Bollywood diction coach and brush up your language skills. There are countless such professionals floating around the city who do a good job at giving you a neutral Hindi accent. Their services are often affordable, and acting classes will not provide you the one-one-one attention you require. Even native Hindi speakers must go through this orientation process.
Learn to network.
Want to catch the eye of a hotshot director? Want to meet with the movers and shakers in town? Want someone to slip in a kind word about you during the casting of a film? Want to be called for auditions? You cannot afford to stay invisible. Move out, circulate, make friends, and strike conversations. Be proactive. For if you are not seen or heard, you simply cease to exist. So grab—with both hands—whatever invitation you get, be it to a film launch (mahurat), birthday bash, trial screening, ramp show, seminar, workshop, film premiere or jubilee celebration. You can never say who you’ll meet, where and when, and how it could be the turning point of your career.
The other platforms for serious networking are:
- Film festivals
- Amateur theatre (and rehearsals)
- Club and gym memberships
- Popular hangouts, like restaurants and cafes
- Social media platforms like WhatsApp groups, Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram
Don’t lose heart if someone you exchanged numbers with over dinner refuses to take your call the next morning. This happens all the time. The big shot who gets sloshed (at your expense) in a bar may never remember you again. Bollywood denizens are notorious for selective amnesia. It is part of the culture and there’s no point taking offence. Still, there is no shame in keeping in touch. In fact, your perseverance shall only establish how serious you are about pursuing your profession. Learn to develop a thick skin like everybody else and keep persisting. You have everything to gain and nothing to lose.
To become a Bollywood actor you’ll need to start with a screen name, CINTAA membership card, headshot, resumé, and showreel.
Screen name: This is optional. But there was a time when every other Hindi actor took on a screen name, almost by default. Mohammad Yusuf Khan became Dilip Kumar. Mumtaz Jehan Dehlavi became Madhubala. Aabhas Ganguly became Kishore Kumar. Badruddin Jamaluddin Kazi became Johnny Walker… and so on. Today, this does not happen so widely. Still, we have a Rajiv Hari Om Bhatia who goes around as Akshay Kumar and there is also Inquilab Srivastav, better known as Amitabh Bachchan. Whatever your reasons for choosing to use a screen name (numerology, superstition, etc.), it does not guarantee success. So you decide.
Membership card: No actor can face the camera in a Bollywood studio unless she or he is a member of the Cine and TV Artistes’ Association, or CINTAA. This is a trade union outfit, much like the Screen Actors Guild in Hollywood, meant ostensibly to “safeguard the interests of Hindi film actors”. In reality though, it functions (under political patronage) as a gatekeeper to stop so-called “intruders” from entering Bollywood. You need to obtain a work permit for a fee, valid for a year and thereafter you are entitled to a membership card upon showing proof of employment and clearing an interview or audition with CINTAA. You also have the option of renewing the permit for another year. Fees are revised every year and allowances are made for senior citizens, child artistes, and the physically challenged. There is also provision for being a lifetime member.
Headshot: The importance of what is known as portfolio pictures in Bollywood cannot be overemphasized. It is with these that a fresher makes the first impression on a filmmaker. Your entry pass to a production house rests entirely on these introductory photographs you present. You should always rely on the judgment and skills of a professional. There are hundreds of full-time photographers in Bollywood specializing in this kind of work who charge by their reputation and track record. Study their work (it’ll be on their website) and select someone affordable who appeals to your sensibilities. Once a decision is made and terms settled, do not interfere. Trust your photographer completely. The biggest mistake people make is to instruct a photographer on how to make them look good (or younger). Professionals know best how to show you off to your advantage. That is why you did not hire an ordinary press or celebrity photographer in the first place.
Showreel or Demo Reel: A showreel forms part of the portfolio every actor must put together. Keep it short and sweet, around two to three minutes. Selectively pick out recent work that you are proud of. Focus on what best showcases your acting skills, rather than how prestigious those assignments were. Be your own judge. When in doubt, use a friend (better still, a senior actor) as a sounding board. The idea is to be as objective as possible in your selection. Also refrain from gimmicks in the showreel, like fancy transition effects, montages, echoes, or background music. These can be distracting in an otherwise good showreel.
Resumé: Here again, be brief. Bollywood directors are known to be allergic to the written word (especially in English) unless it has something to do with a film script. So stick to the basics in your résumé: Name, date of birth, mother tongue, contact number, passport details, education, training (if any), and special skills. Keep it to a single A4 sheet of paper. Attach an annexure with a summary of acting jobs you have done in chronological order, beginning with the latest. Don’t forget to include amateur plays, even school and college level drama since actors with a theatre background are always respected. List them all in bullet form so that anybody reading the résumé can size you up at a glance. After all, a résumé serves as a ready reckoner, an add-on to the headshot and showreel that constitute your portfolio.
Training helps to raise your confidence levels, but not to get you work.
Bollywood’s most successful actors have almost all been self-taught. Even today, no top star has been through any formal training. Many would therefore discourage you from joining an acting school. At the same time, there can be no denying that an acting school is the first major stepping stone to Bollywood for any newcomer. Where else would you be able to learn not only how to emote in front of the camera, but other tricks of the trade—image grooming, horse riding, Bollywood dance, stunts, fencing, and so on—all in one place? This explains the mushrooming of training schools, with some even promising placement services. The most reputed and popular among them are as follows:
- Film and Television Institute of India (FTII): Set up in 1960 in Pune, this government-run institution offers a two-year post-graduate diploma in acting (among a host of other courses like direction, cinematography, sound engineering, animation, etc.) Admission is through a competitive written examination and interview.
- National School of Drama (NSD): Generally regarded as the “cradle of Indian actors”, this too is a government-run institution conducting a three-year course in the dramatic arts at Delhi since 1959. You need to have acted in at least six plays and be able to furnish three recommendations from theatre experts before you can even apply.
- Whistling Woods International (WWI): Set up by filmmaker Subhash Ghai in Mumbai, this CILECT-affiliated film school has offered a three-year degree course and a two-year advanced diploma in acting since 2006. Facilities are good, fees are steep, and admission is fairly easy.
- Actor Prepares: Set up by film star Anupam Kher in 2005, this Mumbai-based acting school is immensely popular as it conducts a host of short-term courses suited to your budget: a three-month full-time diploma course, one-month part-time certificate course, acting workshops, and more. A good place to get your feet wet.
- Kishore Namit Kapoor Acting Lab: The founder is an FTII alumnus, but a failed actor. Yet, as a teacher, he is regarded as the best around and his acting lab, since 1983, has offered an 18-week certificate course as well as year-round refresher courses. His ex-students read like the who’s who of Bollywood today.
There are several other popular acting institutes, most of them privately-run in Mumbai itself – Roshan Taneja School of Acting, ITA School of Performing Arts, Vidur Acting Institute, Barry John Acting Studio, etc. But the most reputed and prestigious training institute is without doubt the state-owned FTII. But then, for every Naseeruddin Shah or Shabana Azmi who has passed out and made a name, there are scores of ex-FTII actors who do not reach anywhere and fade away in anonymity. On the other hand, untrained actors seem to get a better deal (as mentioned earlier) in Bollywood. So it is entirely up to you whether or not to go for training.
A background in modeling, even more than acting school, promises an enduring foundation to an acting career in India. Even appearances in press ads and ramp shows have served as excellent launch pads. Theatre is, of course, the time honored route actors have taken before finding their bearings, and the same goes for television these days. Each medium presents its challenges and makes particular demands but in the end, guarantees visibility—not to mention good money. Make the most of the situation until you get your break in films.
Modeling: From Kabir Bedi to Zeenat Aman to John Abraham, Aishwarya Rai, Bipasha Basu and Arjun Rampal, countless Bollywood stars have got their start by plugging textile brands, beauty products, cars, electronic gizmos, and the like. The trend continues, except today, models are usually called brand ambassadors. They typically graduate from press ads and billboards to ramp shows, do a few ad films in between and somewhere along the way, take the leap to films. This is considered the natural course of progression for a Bollywood actor. The single big advantage modeling affords is that it teaches you how to project yourself to your best advantage when facing a camera.
Theatre: Stage experience can matter a great deal. Having a theatre background is a huge plus because you are instantly regarded as more proficient in the craft than any other greenhorn—not to mention, it means less work for the director. Moreover, emoting for the camera becomes less of a challenge for you. Actors with exposure in theatre have never failed in Bollywood, right from Balraj Sahni to Amjad Khan to Om Puri and today, Naseeruddin Shah, and Shahrukh Khan. The trouble is there are not many of them around. The few who move to cinema are thus highly respected. Many directors, in fact, are known to habitually frequent every new play in town in the hope of discovering fresh talent. Case in point: Ramesh Sippy “discovered” Amjad Khan (and cast him in “Sholay”) after watching him perform in a local Hindi play.
Television: India has close to 900 private television channels, each with its fair share of serialized dramatic content and film-based entertainment. So for a fresher to get work in television isn’t much of a problem. It allows you be among peers, develop contacts, and get noticed. Don’t be under the mistaken impression that once you’re a TV actor you will always be a TV actor. In fact, there is not much that separates the small screen from the big. The working conditions are the same—studios and other infrastructure are common, directors, make-up teams, hairdressers, cameramen, and other technical crew are shared, and all artistes including dancers and musicians constantly move between the two mediums. Even the pay structure per six-hour shift is the same for TV and film.
It is therefore not uncommon for actors working in television to move to cinema and after a while return to doing a sitcom until another opportunity opens up in film. Interaction between the two mediums is so fluid that every Bollywood trade union is made up of members from both streams. If there is any difference between the two, it is in perception. Working in film is considered more prestigious, a step-up in comparison to a TV series, purely because of the reach and permanence of cinema.
The language spoken at all levels in Bollywood is Hindi, unless there’s mention of something technical, at which point English comes into play. Even then, these would be words as commonplace as “Lights, camera, action!” Here is some filmy argot that has gained currency over time:
Item song: A completely extraneous musical intrusion featuring a ritzy screen diva that does nothing to move the plot forward. It is included purely to raise the sales pitch of music videos and provide some advance publicity for the film as well. The dancer, also referred to as an “item girl” in common parlance, is invariably not even a character in the film.
Masala movie: Derived from the Hindi word for spicy, such a film is known to contain the standard ingredients of run-of-the-mill Bollywood potboilers: drama, romance, fights, song-and-dance, comedy, suspense, and stunts. A masala movie stands a better chance at the box office than an off-beat or so-called “realistic” film.
Struggler: A derisive reference to starry-eyed film hopefuls who haven’t quite made it and continue to struggle with bit jobs in the interim to make ends meet. A struggler is identified by an fierce sense of optimism and ability to stay the course in the face of extreme adversity.
Tumka: Another unique term, indicating a peculiar hip movement Bollywood dancers are known for. Every heroine is expected to know how to execute this sidewise hip jerk.
For a broader guide to terms and people to know on set click here.
Where and how you live in Mumbai depends on what you can afford as an early-career actor.
Mumbai is one of the most expensive cities in the world. Unless you have a friend or relative prepared to host you for an indefinite period, be prepared to budget Rs50,000 as monthly rent for an independent 500 square-foot single bedroom accommodation in a fairly decent neighborhood in the suburbs—if you’re lucky. Mumbai landlords are notoriously prejudiced against people (especially singles) without a steady income. Most Bollywood hopefuls therefore end up buying off a place or else find roommates—up to eight people to a room. You could count yourself among a privileged few if you were able to share an apartment with the landlord as a “paying guest” on a nominal rent.
The neighborhood you choose to stay in is a no-brainer. Almost all Bollywood studios (including Film City and assorted recording studios) are clustered around Andheri and Goregaon in the north-west suburbs. All newcomers gravitate towards these locations (to save travel time and costs). But then, you shall have to decide your address not only by what you can afford, but also by the impression you need to create. Staying in a Goregaon working class colony is not the same as holding an apartment in Andheri. Perceptions matter in Bollywood—particularly when you want to be seen as potential star material. So your options are:
Conceived as a mini-Beverly Hills of Bollywood, this is home to some of the most successful actors, playback singers, choreographers, and directors. If you enjoy bumping into them while shopping, at the gym or in the club, then this is your place. Rents are steep, but landlords are accustomed to having film folk as tenants here.
Yari Road, Versova
Also in Andheri, this is your next best option after Lokhandwala Complex. Equally swanky, the neighborhood has outgrown its reputation as an area exclusively inhabited by TV actors. Rents are low but you will have to spend more in travel time to the studios.
Located in Goregaon, this is where most out-of-towners settle initially. The area has a fair share of film celebrities and even if you do not hold a prestigious address, you can draw comfort from being among your peers. The rent is comparatively affordable here and you would be in closer proximity to the studios.
An extension of Lokhandwala Complex, this is where women often begin their film careers. Many of them work as part-time dancers, models, and singers in both film and television. Living conditions are a far cry from what Lokhandwala has to offer, but over time, a sisterhood of artistes has developed in this locality.
Although located close to Film City in Goregaon, this is not an address a star aspirant would ordinarily settle for—and yet this area is buzzing with acting hopefuls, most of them working as junior artistes (read: extras) and character actors as well as stuntmen and dancers. Rents are very affordable here.
One of the earliest settlements for film folk in Mumbai. This is where the crème de la crème of Bollywood resides (or wants to). It is located closer to the city centre, but has only one film production centre, Mehboob Studios, in its ambit. Having an address in Bandra means you have arrived. But as a fresher, moving here is not recommended because in a status-conscious Indian society, you will be taken to be a pretender.
An upcoming township located about an hour’s drive from the Lokhandwala-Goregaon belt. It is the current magnet for newcomers as living conditions are good and rents are affordable. A couple of television production houses have set up shop here of late.
The simple answer is that you’ll find Bollywood roles to audition for by word of mouth.
Bollywood does not have a tradition of engaging talent scouts or professional agents to attract job aspirants for movie auditions. Everything is arbitrary. More often than not, recommendations work for assigning roles. There are trade journals that you can read to keep abreast of films to be launched or of big names signed or a film registered by a production banner. Take your cue from there. Check out if and when auditions are to be held. This works. But beware of advertisements inviting fresh faces for a production “to be launched soon”. You may be called for an audition in some makeshift studio or hotel room, asked to pay an exorbitant sum and that would be last you’d hear of the scamster.
Remember, no reputed director or production house advertises for auditions. The main leads have almost always already been signed before a film is even announced. Next in line is the supporting cast: family members of the hero and/or heroine, the villain, best friend, comedian, etc. This is where you stand a chance. Directors usually have a trusted team around them with whom they have already worked and whose opinion or recommendation they value. This team includes the script writer, casting director (if any), and producer or financier. They will be present at auditions, and it is with these people you need to make your strongest impression.
A common Bollywood practice is to have a Drop Box at the gate or reception area of every production house. This is where acting hopefuls drop their portfolios, comprising the headshot, CV, and showreel. The box is emptied at regular intervals and details from each portfolio are entered into a computer. This serves as a critical resource for a filmmaker when casting is done. Make sure you are in that box. For, you can never say when you get the audition call which could change your life.
Hunting for work is a full-time job every actor landing in Bollywood gets sucked into.
Until you manage to settle down, holding a regular 9-to-5 paying job is next to impossible. You cannot afford the diversion. Effectively, you would be depending on support from back home, or else, digging into your savings. So be prepared for the long haul.
What many out-of-work actors do is plunge headlong into modeling. For this you would have to pay a fee to register with modeling agencies and take up occasional assignments for a photo shoot or ramp show on an income-sharing basis. Getting empaneled with ad agencies is also an option. It helps to be in circulation. But what you earn may just about cover your out-of-pocket expenses, unless you make a name for yourself as a hot shot model.
The other option is to join a professional theatre group where the payments are better and more consistent. Rehearsals are usually held in the evenings and on holidays. The only catch here is that not many Hindi (or English) plays are staged in Mumbai. In contrast, Gujarati-language plays command a massive theatre audience and at any time, at least a dozen Gujarati plays run to packed houses across the city. So this becomes a crowded area for a film aspirant in Hindi.
There is yet another option, but this is open to those who already have family connections with the film industry: It is to work as an AD, or assistant director, doing odd jobs on the sets, just to figure things out and be seen around. Others not related to anybody in the unit are expected to volunteer their services and are rewarded with, maybe, a free lunch.
Bollywood does not operate through agents. Whoever claims otherwise is out to rip you off!
Bollywood has yet to reach the stage where actors are signed on the strength of self-created work. What appears on your showreel ought to amply reveal your skills, aptitude, and potential as a Bollywood actor. Everything else is redundant.
For more about getting your acting career started, check out the Backstage Guides!